Archery is the sport, practice or skill of using a bow to propel arrows. The word comes from the Latin arcus. Historically, archery has been used for hunting and combat. In modern times, it is mainly a competitive sport and recreational activity. A person who participates in archery is typically called an archer or a bowman, and a person who is fond of or an expert at archery is sometimes called a toxophilite.
Rules of Archery
- Archers must adhere to all official rules in terms of the equipment they use in the performance of their sport, with the main emphasis being on them using no equipment or accessories that would give an unfair advantage over an opponent.
- The maximum time permitted to shoot an end of three arrows is two minutes, and four minutes for an end of six arrows.
- Athletes may not raise the bow arm until the signal to start is given and penalties can be given – in the form of points forfeits – if the bow is drawn after the official practice has been closed.
- An arrow cannot be re-shot under any circumstances. The arrow may be considered not to have been shot if it falls from the bow or misfires, or if the target blows or falls over. Extra time would be given in such circumstances.
- An arrow that rebounds or hangs from the target will still score based on the mark it makes on the target face. Arrows that stick – Robin Hood-style – in the nock of another shall score the same as the arrow in which they are embedded.
- Athletes can be disqualified, have points deducted or be banned from competition for various breaches of rules, based on the severity of the offence.
- If equipment is damaged, appeals can be made to the judge for such equipment to be replaced or fixed, and any time allowances will be at the judge’s discretion.
Preface World Archery (WA) has accepted the Word Anti-Doping Code, which is Code implemented in the following rules. All of these are bylaws and can be changed whenever necessary by Code changes by the World Archery Executive Board. At the World Archery Executive Board meeting 14 December 2014, Nottingham, WA accepted the revised (2015) World Anti-Doping Code (the “Code”). These Anti-Doping Rules are adopted and implemented in accordance with WA’s responsibilities under the Code, and in furtherance of WA’s continuing efforts to eradicate doping in sport. These Anti-Doping Rules are sport rules governing the conditions under which sport is played. Aimed at enforcing anti-doping principles in a global and harmonized manner, they are distinct in nature from criminal and civil laws, and are not intended to be subject to or limited by any national requirements and legal standards applicable to criminal or civil proceedings. When reviewing the facts and the law of a given case, all courts, arbitral tribunals and other adjudicating bodies should be aware of and respect the distinct nature of these Anti-Doping Rules implementing the Code and the fact that these rules represent the consensus of a broad spectrum of stakeholders around the world as to what is necessary to protect and ensure fair sport. Fundamental Rationale for the Code and WA’s Anti-Doping Rules Anti-doping programs seek to preserve what is intrinsically valuable about sport. This intrinsic value is often referred to as “the spirit of sport”. It is the essence of Olympism, the pursuit of human excellence through the dedicated perfection of each person’s natural talents. It is how we play true. The spirit of sport is the celebration of the human spirit, body and mind, and is reflected in values we find in and through sport, including:
- Ethics, fair play and honesty
- Excellence in performance
- Character and education
- Fun and joy
- Dedication and commitment
- Respect for rules and laws
- Respect for self and other Participants
- Community and solidarity
Doping is fundamentally contrary to the spirit of sport. Scope of these Anti-Doping Rules These Anti-Doping Rules shall apply to WA and to each of its Member Associations and Continental Associations. They also apply to the following Athletes, Athlete Support Personnel and other Persons, each of whom is deemed, as a condition of his/her membership, accreditation and/or participation in the sport, to have agreed to be bound by these Anti-Doping Rules, and to have submitted to the authority of WA to enforce these Anti- Doping Rules and to the jurisdiction of the hearing panels specified in Article 8 and Article 13 to hear and determine cases and appeals brought under these Anti-Doping Rules: a. all Athletes and Athlete Support Personnel who are members of WA, or of any Member Association, or of any member or affiliate organization of any Member Association (including any clubs, teams, associations or leagues); b. all Athletes and Athlete Support Personnel participating in such capacity in Events, Competitions and other activities organized, convened, authorized or recognized by WA, or any Member Association, or any member or affiliate organization of any Member Association (including any clubs, teams, associations or leagues), wherever held; c. any other Athlete or Athlete Support Personnel or other Person who, by virtue of an accreditation, a licence, membership, or other contractual arrangement, or otherwise, is subject to the jurisdiction of WA, or of any Member Association, or of any member or affiliate organization of any Member Association (including any clubs, teams, associations or leagues), for purposes of anti-doping. To be eligible for participation in International Events a competitor must have personally signed and agreed to the content of Appendix 3 consent form. All forms from Minors must be counter-signed by their legal guardians. Within the overall pool of Athletes set out above who are bound by and required to comply with these Anti-Doping Rules, the following Athletes shall be considered to be International-Level Athletes for purposes of these Anti-Doping Rules, and therefore the specific provisions in these Anti-Doping Rules applicable to International- Level Athletes (as regards Testing but also as regards TUEs, whereabouts information, results management, and appeals) shall apply to such Athletes: a. Athletes who are part of the WA Registered Testing Pool; b. Athletes who participate in selected WA International Events published by WA on its website at following link (www.worldarchery.org). Such Events may include: World and Continental Championships, the Olympic Games, World Ranking Tournaments, Olympic Qualification Events (Continental Qualifying Tournaments), the Archery Events held by Major Event Organisations (for example SportAccord Multisport Games); and any other Event for which World Archery is the organizer, ruling body or where the WA appoints technical officials.